The Anonymous Widower

More Thoughts On Dalston Junction To Hayes

In February this year, I wrote Should Trains Run From Dalston Junction To Hayes?

I finished the post like this.

So is New Cross the least used direct southern destination on the East London Line? Also, was it only included in the East London Line for historic reasons, as it had been a Metropolitan Line destination?

If so, it might be an idea to see if extension of the four trains per hour services terminating at the station is possible. Perhaps two could go Hayes and two to Orpington, which would double the frequency to both places from New Cross.

I could also have said in the summing up, that this would give four trains per hour from Dalston Junction to Lewisham, with all its connections to South East London and Kent.

This morning, I was reading  an article on London Reconnections about extending the Bakerloo Line, entitled Death, Taxes and Lewisham: Extending the Bakerloo.

So it got me thinking!

I returned to my original article and had the following blasphemous thought.

Is Transport for London, so obsessed with using the supposed spare capacity on the Bakerloo Line, that it doesn’t think straight about what to do with this line?

Consider the following points.

  1. Passengers like the Overground model and many rate it higher than the Underground.
  2. When Crossrail and Thameslink and the East London Lines are up to capacity of twenty-four trains per hour, the increase in capacity will change London’s transport system dramatically, as there will be an H-shaped network with interchanges at Farringdon, Whitechapel and possibly some other places.
  3. Most trains going to Kent and South East London start from Victoria, which is not well placed for some of the important parts of Central London. Would extra connections to a twenty-four trains per hour East London Line at Penge and Brockley be a better route for many passengers?
  4. I feel that there would be a backlash, if the Hayes Line became part of the Bakerloo Line, just like there was when Thameslink wanted to stop all Sutton Loop Line trains at Blackfriars! If you’ve been commuting for years in First Class from Hayes into Cannon Street for the City, I don’t think you’d be happy if your train was a smaller one-class, crowded Underground train. But you might accept an Overground train to Canada Water for the Jubilee Line or Whitechapel for Crossrail and the Metropolitan/Circle/District Lines.
  5. Thameslink together with the Bakerloo Line and an upgraded Jubilee Line will create a resilient North-West to East routing, that could withstand the occasional serious failure. The East London Line provides that resilient link in the East.
  6. Thameslink doesn’t connect with the Central Line, but the East London Line could at Shoreditch High Street.

I’m coming more to the conclusion that there is no way that a long extension to the Bakerloo Line would be needed. Perhaps it should be extended in a loop down the Old Kent Road to Camberwell, to get high-quality rail services into that area.

Should East London Line Services To New Cross Go Further?

Four services per hour on the East London Line have their Southern terminus at New Cross station and could these venture further into South London?

At the moment these services terminate in a bay Platform D, which is just a walk across from the trains going South. But when coming North, you have to go over the step-free bridge to get from Platform A to Platform D.

In the next few years, various developments will  happen, that will affect travel in the area bordered by New Cross, Cannon Street and Whitechapel.

  • London Bridge and Thameslink will be improved, so interchange between Cannon Street services and Thameslink will be much easier.
  • Hopefully, access to the Underground at London Bridge will be eased by the redevelopment of the station.
  • Will the Thameslink improvements increase the capacity into Cannon Street?
  • Crossrail will open.
  • The Metropolitan/District and Circle Lines will have been fully upgraded with bigger trains and new signalling.
  • The Jubilee Line will have been upgraded.
  • Bank station will have been upgraded.
  • There will be large numbers of office developments around the City, increasing the numbers of needed final destinations.

I believe that the increasing flexibility will mean passengers will be less likely to use the same route.

I also believe that  passengers will switch between London Bridge/CannonStreet and  the East London Line destinations of Canada Water, Whitechapel  and Shoreditch High Street.

Many more will want to change at New Cross!

If the East London Line services started South of New Cross and just called at Platform A on their way North, just as London Bridge/Cannon Street services do, this would this give a simple change for Northbound passengers.

If you were on a Tunbridge Wells to Cannon Street train and wanted to go to Whitechapel for Crossrail, you would get off at New Cross and wait for an East London Line train on the same Platform A.

This interchangeability of Northern destinations, is unlocked by sending East London Line trains past New Cross.

Can East London Line Services To New Cross Go Further?

After Crossrail and an upgraded Thameslink opens, it will take some time for passenger numbers to stabilise.

These figures will decide if it is worthwhile to extend the services past New Cross.

The other constraint will be whether paths are available to continue to Lewisham and beyond.

The simplest plan would be to run the four trains per hour to Lewisham and then run two trains to both of Orpington and Hayes.

Extra Interfaces On The East London Line

I would also build the following interchanges on the East London Line.

  • Central Line at Shoreditch High Street. This can’t be done until Crossrail opens.
  • A New Penge station to connect to the Chatham Main Line
  • A high-level Brockley station to link to the Nunhead to Lewisham Line.

There may also be scope for linking the East London Line to Thameslink. It is probably a pity, that the East London Line serves West Croydon rather than East Croydon, as the latter station has so much better connectivity.

Today, I visited South East London and I can make these observations.

New Cross Station

I wrote Changing At New Cross, when I looked at New Cross station.

I can’t see any obvious reason, why East London Line trains have to terminate at New Cross. I suspect, that it’s only for historic reasons, as that’s what the Metropolitan Line did many years ago.

St. Johns Station

I wrote Investigating St. Johns Station, when I looked at St. Johns station.

My only feeling about this station is that if it were to be upgraded to the standard passengers expect, it could be a valuable step-free interchange station between an extended East London Line and the services into and out of Cannon Street.

Lewisham Station

I wrote Changing At Lewisham, when I visited Lewisham station

If it were to be served by four trains per hour on the East London Line, with two trains per hour going to Hayes and the other two to Orpington, Lewisham would be an important interchange to increase the connectivity between South East and North East London.

Catford and Catford Bridge Stations

I wrote An Opportunity At Catford, when I looked at the twin stations of Catford and Catford Bridge and can say this.

  • Currently, all trains through Catford Bridge station are going to and from Hayes.
  • All trains through Catford are Thameslink ones between Blackfriars and Sevenoaks.
  • Track exists to send trains between Catford Bridge to and from Orpington.

If cross-platform interchange could somehow be provided between the two northbound and the two southbound lines at Catford/Catford Bridge, this would give passengers from Hayes and Orpington a big choice of Northern destinations.

Effect On Dalston Junction

If the four trains per hour shuttle service between Dalston Junction and New Cross was replaced by two trains per hour to each of Orpington or Hayes, it probably wouldn’t have much overall effect on the Dalston Junction to New Cross section of the line, but what would the timings look like?

Currently trains leave Dalston Junction in the Off Peak at 04, 19, 34 and 49 past the hour taking twenty-two minutes to get to New Cross. They then return at 07, 22, 37 and 52.

So the 04 train gets to New Cross at 26, returns at 37 and gets back to Dalston Junction at 59, which means it waits eleven minutes at New Cross and six at Dalston Junction.

New Cross to Hayes takes thirty minutes, so that would be fifty two minutes from Dalston Junction to Hayes.

Would that be fast enough for each train to do one trip each hour?

I suspect that one of Transport for London’s timetabling experts could devise a pattern.

More Trains Through The Thames Tunnel

At present there are sixteen trains per hour through the Thames Tunnel.

  • 4 – Dalston Junction to New Cross
  • 4 – Dalston Junction to West Croydon
  • 4 – Highbury and Islington to Crystal Palace
  • 4 – Highbury and Islington to Clapham Junction

Which means that as there is a theoretical limit of twenty-four trains per hour, there are another eight paths available.

In Increased Frequencies On The East London Line, I wrote that London Overground have plans to introduce the following extra services.

  • From 2018, there will be an extra two trains per hour between Dalston Junction and Crystal Palace.
  • From 2019, there will be two additional trains between Dalston Junction and Clapham Junction.

So that would mean that there are still possibly another four paths available.

I would assume that the extra trains would be accommodated at the Northern end by just tightening the turn-round times.

I can’t believe that it won’t be long before Transport for London come up with ways of using the remaining four paths.

If they are planning to turn back two extra trains from Crystal Palace and two from Clapham Junction at Highbury and Islington, I can’t believe that they couldn’t turn back another four services at Dalston Junction. Assuming the extra trains to Crystal Palace and Clapham Junction, this would give the following frequencies.

  • 12 tph between Highbury and Islington and Dalston Junction.
  • 24 tph between Dalston Junction and Surrey Quays.

The core section of the East London Line will interface in 2020 with the following lines.

  • Crossrail at Whitechapel will be 24 tph
  • The Jubilee Line at Canada Water will be 36 tph
  • The Victoria Line at Highbury and Islington will be 36 tph by 2016.

Father and son, Marc and Isambard Brunel, will be spinning in their graves, to see what their Nineteenth Century engineering curiosity-turned-marvel has become.

The Emergence Of Overground Transport Hubs

More trains on the East London Line between Dalston and Clapham Junctions is to be welcomed.

I use the well-connected Clapham Junction, if say I’m going to Southampton, Portsmouth or many other places, as it means I can avoid the difficulty of getting to Waterloo or Victoria.

The one problem with Clapham Junction in my view is that Thameslink or the Gatwick Express doesn’t call at the station.

Even so, Clapham Junction, Dalston Junction and Stratord are evolving as the major hubs on the Overground Network.

In the next few years, the following stations will become major hubs.

  • Whitechapel because of its important location on Crossrail
  • Old Oak Common because of its connections to Crossrail and HS2
  • Hackney Interchange (Central plus Downs) because it joins the North London Line to the West Anglia Lines.

Will Lewisham, Crystal Palace or other stations join this elite group?

Southeastern

Southeastern is the train operating company that operates most of the train services to South-East London. Kent and East Sussex.

The company has three sub brands.

  • Highspeed operates high-speed service on the Channel Tunnel Rail Link using Class 395 trains.
  • Mainline operates traditional long distance services to Kent and East Sussex.
  • Metro runs services to South East and South London.

London Overground makes to secret of the fact that it would like to bring the Metro services under its control.

I would very much welcome this takeover for the following reasons.

  • As a North Londoner, who grew up in the North, South London trains are very much a mystery to me and Southeastern’s information could be substantially improved.
  • The East London Line and Southeastern services could be properly co-ordinated.
  • When the Overground took over the West Anglia Lines, there was a definite improvement in stations and customer service.
  • The whole of Southeastern’s Metro and Mainline network needs to be brought into Transport for London’s Oyster and contactless bank card ticketing.

Hopefully, the takeover will happen, when the franchise is up for renewal in 2018.

Crossrail Extension To Ebbsfleet International And Gravesend

I wrote Crossrail Extension to Gravesend after a visit to the area and I feel that it would be possible to extend Crossrail, so that it served both Ebbsfleet International and Gravesend stations.

This would enable a direct link between Heathrow Airport and Continental trains and you’d only need to change once if you were going to Gatwick, Luton or Stansted Airports.

Conclusions

On a brief look, there is a lot of potential to extend the New Cross branch of the East London Line to Lewisham, Hayes, Orpington and perhaps some more places.

Get it right and it might not be the best thing to have a long extension of the Bakerloo Line.

 

 

 

November 30, 2015 - Posted by | Transport | , , , , ,

3 Comments »

  1. “Affect On Dalston Junction” should be “Effect On Dalston Junction”. Regards

    Comment by zin92 | December 1, 2015 | Reply

  2. The problem here is the min reason for wanting to convert the Hayes branch is too much congestion in the Lewisham area causing delays with many flat junctions. This would only add to the problem. On top of this the average length of trains on the Hayes branch is 8 car with 12 cars in the peak. The Overground is constrained at the moment to 5 car trains which would get overcrowded incredibly quickly if they were only 2tph

    Comment by J | December 3, 2015 | Reply

  3. Thanks for that!

    I still think, there is potential to change the way everything works, when the inevitable happens and those lines to South East London end up with TfL. In some ways I was trying to educater myself about the area to what is possible.

    Catford struck me, as the place where some creative thinking could make major changes.

    Comment by AnonW | December 3, 2015 | Reply


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