The Anonymous Widower

Offshore Wind Champion Appointed As £160m Floating Offshore Wind Fund Opens For Expressions Of Interest

The title of this post, is the same as that of this press release from Kwasi Kwarteng.

These three paragraphs describe the policy.

Ambitious plans to expand offshore wind around the United Kingdom to power homes and businesses with cheap, homegrown energy received a further boost today with the appointment of a new government champion and a multimillion-pound manufacturing fund opening for expressions of interest.

The appointment of Tim Pick as the first UK Offshore Wind Champion was confirmed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Business and Energy Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng today.

The Floating Offshore Wind Manufacturing Investment Scheme (FLOWMIS) will provide £160 million in government funding to boost floating offshore wind capability around the UK at sites in Scotland, Wales and elsewhere by supporting manufacturers and giving private investors the confidence to back this emerging sector which is expected to rapidly expand in the years ahead.

Floating offshore wind needs the following components.

  • Wind turbines, which are the same as those used onshore.
  • Floats, which are generally made from steel, but concrete can also be used. There are a few proven designs, like the Windfloat from Principle Power.
  • Mooring systems for the turbines.
  • Electrical substations and cables.

There is also a need for deep water docks, with large cranes to assemble the systems, prior to towing the turbines into position.

Floating offshore wind is a new industry and there will be new ideas coming through from innovators.

I feel that the strategy could help bring new ideas through.


May 25, 2022 Posted by | Energy | , , | 7 Comments

The Story Behind The Concrete Panels On The Elizabeth Line.

These are a selection of the pictures I took yesterday inside Elizabeth Line stations.


  1. The walls and ceilings appear to be covered in light grey panels with holes.
  2. The material appears to look like concrete.
  3. Every one is a totally different shape, so how were they manufactured?

This article on Ian Visits is entitled How Crossrail Is Using 3D-Printing To Build Its Stations.

This is the two opening paragraphs.

When you start to use the new Elizabeth line stations, among its many achievements will be the first large scale use of 3D-printing in concrete.

The use of 3D printing has made possible one of the more distinctive features of the future Elizabeth line stations — the curved concrete panels that will line the inside of the passenger tunnels and some stations, and sinuously glide around corners in a way never seen before in a tube station.

There will be a total of something like 36,000 of these panels and although printing each in concrete is possible, Crossrail would probably have been delivered in the 2040s or 2050s.

The contractors used an innovative process called FreeFAB, which had been invented by an Australian architect.

  • The process creates a wax mould for each panel using 3D printing.
  • This mould is then used to create the actual panel.
  • After each panel is cast, the wax is melted off and recycled.
  • The panels are made in a factory in Doncaster.

We will see a lot more of this technique used in the construction industry.

May 25, 2022 Posted by | Design, Transport/Travel | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Abbey Wood Station – 24th May 2022

I took these pictures at Abbey Wood station on the Elizabeth Line.


  1. Abbey Wood station has four platforms, three bridges and six lifts.
  2. In Abbey Wood Station Opens, there are pictures from when the station opened in October 2017.
  3. The interchange between the North Kent and Elizabeth Lines seemed to be working well.

It will be interesting to see how this station changes to accommodate more Elizabeth Line services to Kent.


May 25, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Custom House Station – 24th May 2022

I took these pictures at Custom House station on the Elizabeth Line.


  1. The station was built in a factory and the concrete beams were assembled on-site. Traditionally, the concrete structure would have been poured on site.
  2. The quality of the columns is excellent and an engineer I spoke to a few years ago, said that the methods used at Custom House station ensure a high quality building. Look at the last two pictures.
  3. The two escalators are in-line, rather than side-by-side and it looks like this was done to squeeze in the station.
  4. There were signs up for toilets, that are visible in picture 4. Are they going to be installed?

The ideas used to create Custom House station, will be borrowed by architects and builders all over the world.

May 25, 2022 Posted by | Design, Transport/Travel | , , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Riding The Underground Roller Coaster At Liverpool Street Station – 24th May 2022

In London’s First Underground Roller Coaster, I published this cross-section of the double-ended Liverpool Street station, which I have christened an underground roller-coaster.


  1. Moorgate station is on the left.
  2. Liverpool Street station is on the right.
  3. In the middle looking like a giant juicer is the ventilation shaft in Finsbury Circus.
  4. The Crossrail tunnels, which consist of two running tunnels and a pedestrian walkway between them are at the deepest level.
  5. There are escalators and lifts all over the place.

Today, I walked between Liverpool Street and Moorgate.

As I walked I took these pictures.


  1. It is two down escalators and two up escalators from end to end.
  2. The passageway is wide, with cross passageways linking to the platforms.
  3. It is all step-free.
  4. I used a down inclined lift.

I feel it was probably easier than a walk on the surface.

But as it was raining, I didn’t get wet.

May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Whitechapel Station – 24th May 2022

I took these pictures at Whitechapel station on the Elizabeth Line.


  1. The step-free access between platform and train in two pictures.
  2. I wrote Whitechapel Station – 23rd August 2021, when the rest of the station opened.
  3. There are certainly a large amount of concrete panels.
  • I have called Whitechapel station the Jewel In the East and now the Elizabeth Line has opened, I think we’ll see a lot of passengers changing trains at the station.
  • Passengers reversing direction between the two Eastern branches of the Elizabeth Line, when they are going say between Woolwich and Ilford stations.
  • The Hammersmith and City and the District Lines will give Elizabeth Line passengers access to the North and South of Central London.
  • The Overground will give Elizabeth Line passengers access further out in North and South London.

Whitechapel station will effectively give easy passenger access to over another eighty stations, not on the Elizabeth Line.


May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Farringdon Station – 24th May 2022

I took these pictures at the Barbican entrance to the Elizabeth Line at Farringdon station.


  1. The Barbican entrance is effectively at the Western end of Barbican tube station.
  2. There are two banks of escalators between street level and platform.
  3. Both banks of escalators incorporate an inclined lift.

There is also a lift connection between the landing between the two banks of escalators and the Westbound platform at Barbican station, which is shown in these pictures.


  1. It was a bit difficult to find.
  2. I am also not sure that there are stairs.

But it could be a quick shortcut for those with local knowledge.

I took these pictures at the Farringdon entrance to the Elizabeth Line at Farringdon station.

Farringdon station is a very extensive station.


May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Tottenham Court Road Station – 24th May 2022

I took these pictures at the Dean Street entrance to the Elizabeth Line at Tottenham Court Road station.


  1. The Dean Street entrance is the one to the West at Tottenham Court Road station.
  2. It is perhaps a hundred metres to the East of the large Marks and Spencer at The Pantheon.

I took these pictures from Oxford Street on the 9th of May.

There will be flats on the top of the station, with retail in the front.

Buses On Oxford Street

There are some buses that go along Oxford Street.

  • 55 – Between Walthamstow Central and Oxford Circus
  • 73 – Between Stoke Newington and Oxford Circus
  • 98 – Between Willesden Garage and Holborn
  • 390 – Between Victoria Station and Archway


  1. I regularly use the 73 to come home from Oxford Street, as it goes close to my house.
  2. Having found how close the 73 bus stop is to the Dean Street entrance to the Elizabeth Line, this might be my easiest route to get to the Western reaches of the Elizabeth Line.
  3. The 73 and 390 buses go between Oxford Circus and Kings Cross stations via Tottenham Court Road, Goodge Street, Warren Street, Euston Square and Euston stations.
  4. The 98 bus runs the full length of Oxford Street.

Step-free buses on Oxford Street are often the easiest way to get where you want to.

May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Paddington Station – 24th May 2022

I went to the new Elizabeth Line platforms at Paddington station today and took these pictures.


  1. It is a double descent from the main Paddington station level to the depths of the Elizabeth Line.
  2. The Paddington Bakerloo Link Link is another level down. See Elizabeth Line – Paddington Bakerloo Line Link – 24th May 2022.
  3. There is a spectacular lift tower in the middle of all the escalators.

One puzzle is that there are three escalators down and two up.

May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , | Leave a comment

Elizabeth Line – Paddington Bakerloo Line Link – 24th May 2022

These pictures show the Elizabeth Line end of the Paddington Bakerloo Line Link.


This pedestrian tunnel connects the Elizabeth Line platforms and the Bakerloo Line platforms at Paddington station.

The tunnel runs across Paddington station, under the main pedestrian concourse.

At the start of construction, I wrote about this tunnel in Paddington Bakerloo Line Link Project, London.

In Paddington Is Operational Again, I showed this image, that I found on the web.

The Bakerloo Line Link At Paddington

I also said this.

It looks to be a very well thought out link.

  • It is connected to the Crossrail station by escalators and lifts in the middle of the island platform at that station.
  • The connection at the Bakerloo Line end, would appear to have lifts, stairs and escalators.
  • Wll the lifts go direct to the surface as well?
  • All routes seem to be direct to the central landing in the Bakerloo Line platforms.
  • It may be a hundred and sixty five metres, but the design probably means most passengers will do it fairly fast.But I’m only speculating.

It will certainly be a very powerful interchange, as it will give a much needed connection to London’s least-developed Underground Line.

Having seen one end today, I agree with my statement in the previous post.

May 24, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , | 4 Comments