The Anonymous Widower

Extending The Elizabeth Line – Will There Be A Need For Long Distance Class 345 Train?

I wrote Crossrail To Heathrow, Reading And Southend in August 2017.

This was a section in that post.

The Long Distance Class 345 Train

Adding Oxford and/or Southend to Crossrail services, may need a sub-class of Class 345 train to be created, due to the length of the journey. Toilets would be the obvious addition.

As an example, the safeguarded Reading and Gravesend service would be eighty-three miles.

  • A Reading and Paddington service takes fifty-seven minutes for the thirty-six miles.
  • At that speed Reading and Gravesend would take two hours and eleven minutes.
  • Even Reading and Shenfield will will take only nine minutes less than two hours.

Will all passengers be able to hold on for these lengths of time?

100 mph Capability

Greater Anglia’s Class 720 trains are 100 mph trains, but their sisters on the Elizabeth Line are only 90 mph trains.

So if the trains are to work perhaps to Gravesend, Oxford or Southend would a 100 mph capability be needed?


If the Elizabeth Line is extended, there may be a need for trains to be updated.

June 19, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | Leave a comment

Extending The Elizabeth Line – An Extension To Southend Airport

The Wikipedia entry for Crossrail, has a section for an extension to Southend Airport, where this is said.

Stobart Aviation, the company that operates Southend Airport in Essex, has proposed that Crossrail should be extended beyond Shenfield along the Shenfield–Southend line to serve Southend Airport and Southend Victoria. The company has suggested that a direct Heathrow-Southend link could alleviate capacity problems at Heathrow. The extension proposal has been supported by Southend-on-Sea City Council.

I have written about extending Crossrail to Southend before in Council Launches Campaign To Extend Crossrail To Southend-on-Sea.

In that post, I gave these reasons.

  • Extra capacity between London and Southend
  • A more intensive service to Southend Airport
  • A twenty-four hour service to Southend Airport
  • Enabling housing
  • Taking pressure from Liverpool Street

I came to the conclusion, that extending the Elizabeth Line to Southend could have a lot going for it.

Times Change

But that post was written nearly four years ago and times change and they will change more in the next few years.

The Elizabeth Line Trains Are Shorter Than The Liverpool Street And Southend Victoria Trains

This has also happened and the pair of five-car Class 720 trains, that Greater Anglia use for Southend Victoria services are over thirty metres longer than the Elizabeth Line’s nine-car Class 345 trains.

This would mean that there would be no need for platform lengthening along the route to Southend Victoria.

Zero-Carbon Aircraft Are Under Development

Zero-carbon aircraft like the Heart Aerospace ES-19 could be in service by 2027. These aircraft will probably have a limited range of around 400 km and a charge time of 40 minutes.

  • Southend Airport’s position on the East side of London would enable the creation of zero-carbon flights to places like Amsterdam, Brussels, Lille, Paris and Rotterdam.
  • A quick estimate indicates that aircraft like the ES-19 could fly from Southend to Amsterdam and recharge in around two hours.
  • Intensively scheduled, these electric aircraft could make several round trips per day.
  • Would almost silent electric aircraft be able to fly twenty-four hours per day?

These flights could seriously increase the number of passengers to Southend Airport before the end of the decade.

More Housing

I think more housing will be built between Shenfield and Southend, which will increase the need for more services past Shenfield.

The Great Eastern Main Line Will Have Full Digital Signalling

More and more trains will be running on the Great Eastern Main Line and like other main lines in the UK, it will receive full digital signalling, which would probably be applied to the Shenfield and Southend Line.

This would give the extra capacity to Southend Victoria, that running the Elizabeth Line to Southend Airport and Southend Victoria would need.

Possible Services

I think there are two main possible options, but there may be others.

  • A long Elizabeth Line extension all the way to Southend Victoria.
  • A short Elizabeth Line extension only as far as Southend Airport.

My feelings are as follows.

  • The Greater Anglia service should remain as it is with three trains per hour (tph) calling at all stations to Shenfield, Stratford and Liverpool Street.
  • Perhaps three or four Elizabeth Line tph would extend to Southend Victoria, calling at all stations.
  • All Elizabeth Line trains would call at all stations to and from London, as they do now!

Full digital signalling would handle the extra trains.



I think it will be unlikely that the Elizabeth Line will be extended to Southend in the next few years, but before the end of the decade, I can certainly see limited  Elizabeth Line services going all the way to Southend Victoria.

June 19, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

I’m Missing The Elizabeth Line Today

Today is a Sunday and because engineers are working on connecting the three sections of the Elizabeth Line, there are no trains in the central section between Abbey Wood and Paddington stations.

I have got used to the new line and generally use it if I stray farther than a couple of miles from home to the South. It’s just so handy, when you want to go in an East-West direction across London.

One of the draws to me of the Elizabeth Line is that it is air-conditioned and in the current heat-wave, it is much more pleasant to travel on the line compared to the Central and Northern Lines.

So for my journeys around Central London, I tend to stick to buses, the Overground, Elizabeth Line and Thameslink.

June 19, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | Leave a comment

Equinor And Partners Consider 1 GW Offshore Wind Farm Off The Coast Of Western Norway

The title of this post, is the same as that of this press release from Equinor.

This is the first paragraph.

Equinor and its partners Petoro, TotalEnergies, Shell and ConocoPhillips in the Troll and Oseberg fields, have initiated a study and are looking into possible options for building a floating offshore wind farm in the Troll area some 65 kilometres west of Bergen, Norway.

This second paragraph describes the production and use of the electricity.

With an installed capacity of about ~1 GW and an annual production of ~4.3 TWh, with a startup in 2027, Trollvind could provide much of the electricity needed to run the offshore fields Troll and Oseberg through an onshore connection point. The Bergen area already serves several of these installations with power – and needs more input to its electricity grid. The plan is that the partnership will buy as much energy as the wind farm can produce at a price that can make the project possible.

The press release includes a map of the wind farm, the oil and gas fields and Bergen.

This is not the first time, I’ve heard of plans to use wind-generated electricity to power offshore oil and gas fields.

It could be argued that if the gas is sold to the UK or Germany, then that country is responsible for the carbon emissions.

I doubt that Vlad the Mad’s bloodstained gas is produced using a carbon-free process.

June 19, 2022 Posted by | Energy | , , , , | Leave a comment

Gantry Removal At Moorgate Station – 18th June 2022

I took these pictures last night, as I came through Moorgate station.

It finally looks like the new entrance to Moorgate station is in the final phase.

The frontage of the building above seems complete and obvious to be installed include two escalators at the Southern end and Elizabeth Line signage.

It now looks like a new block will go up in front of the station. I would have preferred a nice square, with the bus stops alongside and a light-controlled crossing to the other side!

But then money is more important!

101 Moorgate

101 Moorgate is the new building between the new entrance to Moorgate station and Moorgate itself.

This page on the JRA Architects web site is entitled 101 Moorgate Crossrail Oversite Development, London EC2 and has a series of images of the finished development.

This image from JRA Architects shows the space between 101 Moorgate and the new station entrance.

101 Moorgate is the white and ruby building on the right.

In this image, there appears to be a gap between 101 Moorgate and the original Moorgate tube station entrance.

This image shows the Moorgate frontage of 101 Moorgate from the other side of the street.

The gap between the new and old looks substantial and will provide a high capacity route to the Elizabeth Line station entrance.

June 19, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , | Leave a comment