The Anonymous Widower

How Many Entrances And Exits Does A Station Need?

I took a walk round the entrances of the combined Bank and Monument stations, this afternoon.

Note.

  1. There are a total of twenty entrances.
  2. Five are double entrances, with a pair of stairs leading to a single entrance tunnel.
  3. Only three are step-free entrances. Two are new; Bloomberg Building and Cannon Street, although the latter is yet to open.
  4. One entrance is currently closed.

This section of the tube map, that was clipped in January 2023, shows which connections at Bank and Monument are step-free.

Note.

  1. At Bank, only the Northern Line and the Docklands Light Railway are fully step-free.
  2. At Liverpool Street, only the Elizabeth Line is fully step-free.
  3. At Monument, nothing is shown step free
  4. At Moorgate, nothing is shown fully step free, although the Elizabeth Line is fully step-free, even if it is a bit tortuous.

Let’s hope some of the gaps are filled, when the Bank Station Upgrade is completed.

There is also no full step-free entrance to the Central Line at the Bank Junction.

January 27, 2023 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Is The City Of London Moving Towards One Giant Station?

Bank and Monument Stations

When I was growing up in the 1950s and 1960s, there used to be an anomaly shown on Harry Beck’s iconic London  Tube Map, that stood out as a bit different.

It was between Bank and Monument stations and was marked as an Escalator Connection, which connected the Northern Line at Bank to the District and Circle Lines at Monument.

This link was opened in 1933 and has its own section in Wikipedia labeled Monument Link, 1933.

This link has been joined by more tunnels, lifts and escalators over the last eight decades.

  • In 1960, the Waterloo & City Line was connected to the main entrance of Bank station by two moving walkways.
  • In 1991, the Docklands Light Railway was extended to the complex, with escalators to both the Bank and Monument entrances to the station complex.
  • In November 2018, the new Bloomberg or Wallbrook entrance to the station opened, and I wrote about it in The Bank Station Walbrook Entrance Opened Today.

Bank and Monument stations have been developing as a pair of twin stations for eighty years.

The latest phase of the Bank Station Upgrade has added the following to the complex.

  • A new and much large Southbound platform for the Northern Line.
  • A moving walking between the Northern Line at Monument station and the Central Line at Bank station.
  • Escalators between the Central Line and the Bank station end of the new moving walkway.
  • Escalators between the Northern Line and the Docklands Light Railway.

The upgrade will be completed by a new entrance to the station complex on Cannon Street.

This Google Map shows the area of the station.

Note.

  1. The main Bank station entrance the top of the map, by the Bank of England with multiple entrances to the station.
  2. The main Monument entrance in the South-East corner of the map.
  3. The Cannon Street entrance will be in the triangle formed by Abchurch Lane, Cannon Street and King William Street.
  4. The Wallbrook entrance is under the Wallbrook Building.

The station has spread over a wide area, and I wouldn’t be surprised to see more entrances in the future.

Liverpool Street And Moorgate Stations

This Google Map shows Liverpool Street and Moorgate stations.

Note.

  1. The green space is Finsbury Circus Gardens.
  2. Moorgate station is to the West on the A501 or Moorgate.
  3. Liverpool Street station is to the East on the A10 or Bishopsgate.

There is now a tunnel between the two stations, as part of the double-ended Liverpool Street Elizabeth Line station.

The drawing from Crossrail shows a cross-section of the Liverpool Street Elizabeth Line station.

Note.

  1. Moorgate station is on the left.
  2. Liverpool Street station is on the right.
  3. In the middle looking like a giant juicer is the ventilation shaft in Finsbury Circus.
  4. The Crossrail tunnels, which consist of two running tunnels and a pedestrian walkway between them are at the deepest level.
  5. There are escalators and lifts all over the place.

If it’s raining it’s a good way between the two stations.

The Rail Lines At Liverpool Street And Moorgate Stations

These routes serve the two stations.

  • National Rail – Liverpool Street to Essex, Suffolk and Norfolk
  • National Rail – Moorgate to North London and Hertfordshire
  • Central Line – Liverpool Street
  • London Overground – Liverpool Street to North-East London and Hertfordshire
  • City, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines – Liverpool Street and Moorgate
  • Elizabeth Line – Liverpool Street and Moorgate
  • Northern Line – Moorgate

Note.

  1. The Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines have separate stations and platforms in both Liverpool Street and Moorgate.
  2. The Elizabeth Line station at Liverpool Street is a double-ended station with entrances in both the original Liverpool Street and Moorgate stations.
  3. You can walk between Liverpool Street and Moorgate stations using the connecting tunnel of the Elizabeth Line station.
  4. Both Liverpool Street and Moorgate stations are well-served by buses.

These connections mean that if you arrive in either of Liverpool Street or Moorgate and need to leave from the other main station, you can catch a train on the Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines for one stop or walk through the Elizabeth Line tunnel or on the surface.

The Triangle Of Lines In The City Of London

The City of London effectively has three main Underground stations, that connect to all the important lines through the City.

  • Bank/Monument station connects to the Central, Circle, District and Northern Lines
  • Liverpool Street station connects to the Circle, Elizabeth, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan and Northern Lines.
  • Moorgate station connects to the Central, Circle, Elizabeth, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines.

All three stations have direct Underground connections.

  • Bank and Liverpool Street via Central Line.
  • Monument and Liverpool Street via Circle Line.
  • Bank and Moorgate via Northern Line.
  • Monument and Moorgate via Circle Line.
  • Liverpool Street and Moorgate via Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan Lines.

Note.

  1. All interconnecting services are frequent.
  2. The Circle at six trains per hour (tph) is the least frequent
  3. The connections at Bank have much improved recently, due to the Bank Station Upgrade.

It is also possible to walk between the three stations.

In Where The City Of London Leads The Rest Will Follow!, I laid out the plans of the City of London to cut vehicles in the City, impose a 15 mph speed limit and improve cycling and walking routes.

If all goes to plan, then this will open up more routes between the three stations.

Conclusion

Bank, Liverpool Street, Monument and Moorgate will evolve into one large interconnected City of London station, that is served by the Central, Circle, Elizabeth, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan and Northern Lines.

The most important thing that must be done is improve the information.

At least though, the vast walls that have been created in the Bank Station Upgrade and the Elizabeth Line stations, will be up to the task of informing passengers, the routes they need to take.

The other important thing, is to provide step-free and wheelchair-friendly routes between, Bank, Liverpool Street, Monument and Moorgate, so that passengers with reduced mobility can safely get on their way.

After the current round of construction and upgrades, I don’t think any of the rail routes between the stations are step-free.

 

 

 

January 27, 2023 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | 5 Comments

Bank Station Upgrade – 23rd January 2023

The roundels are up on the new Cannon Street entrance to Bank station.

As the buses are changing on the 4th of February, could that be the opening weekend?

January 23, 2023 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , | Leave a comment

Bank Station Upgrade – 6th January 2023

I took these pictures this morning of the new Cannon Street entrance to Bank station.

There’s certainly space above the building for a substantial oversite development.

This article on Ian Visits is entitled TfL’s Office Development At Bank Tube Station Gets Taller.

These four paragraphs describes the scheme.

Transport for London (TfL) already had permission for a 7-storey building on the site but was structurally future-proofed for the possibility of an additional floor. They’ve now received permission to add the extra floor on top, and it’s further stepped back from the front of the building so that there’s space to create a large roof terrace as well.

Commercially, the previous top floor, the sixth floor lost about a third of the floorspace to plant room equipment, but will now be a full-width open plan office space, and while the new top floor still needs space for the plant equipment, but also has the new roof terrace and some additional office space. They’ve also flipped the plant room from the western side where it blocked the view of the church steeple and a lower-rise set of buildings, to the other side, which faces an office block, so the 6th-floor office users have a rather better view from the windows.

The revised scheme provides accommodation totalling 142,310 square feet across the ground and 7 upper floors plus over 7,600 square feet of terrace space over three floors.

The new scheme also changes the roof structure, which was to be covered in solar cells. However, that’s because the attic level above the offices was for traditional water boilers. The new scheme has removed the water boilers to replace them with a lower energy air source heating network, so the roof needs to be open to the air instead.

There’s also been a requirement from the City of London to reduce the number of vehicles allowed to make deliveries to the building from 54 per day to a maximum of 42, which considering that the building is also larger, is a meaningful change. Planning policy required at least 142 cycle racks, but another recent change to the building requested by the developer allowed them to put in space for 229 cycle spaces at the basement level, which is significantly higher than the minimum required.

The building certainly appears to have good environmental credentials.

January 6, 2023 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | 2 Comments

Is This The Television Program Of The Year?

I’m just watching The Mayfair Hotel Megabuild in BBC2.

It’s fascinating and a must watch, as builders and miners expand Claridge’s Hotel up and down!

  • More rooms and a penthouse on top.
  • A spa and two swimming pools in the basement.
  • A large number of rooms are also being refurbished.

And all while the hotel is nearly fully occupied.

I suspect that a lot of the techniques shown in the documentary have been used on the construction of the Elizabeth Line and the execution of the Bank Station Upgrade.

January 2, 2023 Posted by | World | , , , , , | 2 Comments

Bank’s New Moving Walkways Seem Busy

I have used Bank station’s new moving walkways a few times now and they seem to be busy.

Note.

  1. These pictures were taken at 14:00 on a Sunday afternoon. I wouldn’t have thought that would be a busy time.
  2. I’m fairly certain, that I’ve only seen one person walking in the middle.
  3. Perhaps, the wide moving walkways encourage walkers to walk on the moving surface and save more time?
  4. There were no travellers coming towards me, as I timed the pictures, so no-one could be easily recognised.

The number of users makes you wonder, if some travellers are taking this route for the novelty?

Or do travellers just like to go as fast as possible?

October 30, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , | Leave a comment

New Escalators And Moving Walkways Between The Central And Northern Lines At Bank Station – 29th October 2022

This important link in the Bank Station Upgrade opened yesterday.

So this afternoon, I went and took these pictures, as I walked from the Central to the Northern Line interchange plaza at the Monument end of the station.

Note.

There is only a short bank of escalators between the Central Line and the moving walkways.

A good-sized landing for the escalators has been squeezed in at the top of the escalators between the two Central Line platforms.

At the bottom of the escalators, there is a generous space to accommodate the ninety-degree turn to and from the moving walkway.

The moving walkway appears wider than others on the Underground and is very well-lit.

At its Southern end, the moving walkway connects to the spacious interchange plaza, I wrote about in New Escalators At Bank Station Between The Northern Line And The DLR and showed in these pictures.

The interchange rule at the Bank/Monument station complex appears to be make for the interchange plaza and moving walkway and follow the signs.

  • The Central Line is at the Northern end.
  • The Northern Line is on either side.
  • The DLR is underneath the plaza.
  • The District/Circle Lines are at the Southern end.

I was surprised to see, that there were no staff in the interchange plaza.

Or would one of the Lizzie Line signposts be a good idea?

It could also have a clock.

October 29, 2022 Posted by | Design, Transport/Travel | , , , , , | Leave a comment

New Escalators At Bank Station To The Docklands Light Railway – 18th October 2022

In New Escalators At Bank Station Between The Northern Line And The DLR, I indicated that construction could be almost finished of the escalators that will connect the two lines.

The escalators have now opened.

Note.

  1. At the top of the escalators, you are delivered to a plaza, where the cross-tunnel between the two Northern Line platforms and the moving walkway to the Central Line meet.
  2. At the bottom of the escalators, you are in a wide passageway between the two DLR platforms.
  3. At the other end of the passageway, there are a pair of escalators that lead to Circle and District Line platforms and the Monument entrance to Bank station.

The escalators certainly open some faster pedestrian routes through the station.

October 18, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

LED Lighting In The New Parts Of Bank Station

These pictures show the lights in the new parts of Bank station.

Note.

  1. They would appear to be LED downlighters, as I can see a distinct matrix.
  2. One light appears to have died.

The older parts of the station, including the Northbound Northern Line platform still have fluorescent strip lighting.

October 5, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , | Leave a comment

New Escalators At Bank Station Between The Northern Line And The DLR

This picture shows the triple-barrelled escalator that runs between the Northern Line and the Docklands Light Railway.

Note.

  1. The digital clock was showing the right time.
  2. There are three escalators.
  3. Peering over the barrier, it looked to be that construction has almost  finished.

This visualisation shows the station.


Where was I standing when I took the picture?

The label at the top right says.

New entrance to Bank station on Cannon Street. Lifts and triple escalators to Northern Line and DLR.

The triple escalator leading down from the Cannon Street entrance to the Northern Line level is clearly visible.

  • It looks like passengers can go between the bottom of the escalators and both the Northbound and Southbound platforms of the Northern Line, using the cross-passage shown.
  • I suspect that the triple escalators to and from the DLR in-line with the escalators to the entrance.
  • Lifts would probably serve all three levels.

It is an intricate design, that looks like it minimises conflicting passenger routes, at the Cannon Street or Southern end of the station.

Move towards the North and you can see the moving walkway in a new tunnel parallel to the two Northern Line tracks, which connects to the Central Line.

At its Southern end, there is a spacious plaza.

  • It has two cross passages to the two Northern Line platforms.
  • It is a short walk to the moving walkway to and from the Central Line
  • It appears that on the Southern side, is the triple-escalator leading down to the DLR.

These pictures show this plaza and the connecting tunnels and escalators.

Note.

  1. The entrance to the tunnel with the moving walkway is opposite the escalators to the DLR.
  2. There are two cross-tunnels connecting the two Northern Line platforms and the plaza.
  3. All tunnels are wide.

It looks like pedestrian routes are as follows.

Cannon Street Entrance And Northern Line

The large three-barrel escalator between the Cannon Street and Northern levels.

Cannon Street Entrance And Docklands Light Railway

The large three-barrel escalator between the Cannon Street and Northern levels and a shorter escalator between the Northern and DLR levels.

Cannon Street Entrance And Central Line

The large three-barrel escalator between the Cannon Street and Northern levels, a walk to the moving walkway and the escalators to the Central Line.

Cannon Street Entrance And Waterloo And City Line

I suspect, this will use the new route to the DLR and then the existing route between the DLR and the Waterloo and City Line.

Northern Line And Central Line

The moving walkway and the escalators to the Central Line.

Northern Line And Docklands Light Railway

It looks like there are two-banks of three escalators between the Northern and DLR levels.

Northern Line And Waterloo And City Line

Not sure of this route, but it could be via the DLR.

Central Line And Docklands Light Railway

Via the moving walkway and escalators at both ends.

Central Line And Waterloo And City Line

As now?

Docklands Light Railway And Waterloo And City Line

As now?

Conclusion

It would be an ideal location for a chase thriller!

I can’t wait until it opens.

But I do believe that the moving walkway should be extended under the roads to Moorgate station.

 

October 5, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , | 2 Comments