The Anonymous Widower

Green Hydrogen Magnate Forrest Sanctioned By Russia After Calling Putin A ‘Murderer’

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Recharge.

Andrew Forest’s reply or the part that can be printed included.

You’re not worth talking to unless you’ve been sanctioned

I think that to many experts, Forrest’s plans for green hydrogen are one of the biggest threats to Russia’s oil industry.

June 17, 2022 Posted by | Hydrogen | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Ukraine’s New Stealth Weapon

This article on Electrek is entitled Ukraine Is Now Using These 200-Mile-Range Electric Bikes With NLAW Rockets To Take Out Russian Tanks.

This is the first paragraph.

Ukrainian electric motorbike company Delfast has seen its electric bikes used for some vastly diverse tasks, such as breaking Guinness World Records and outfitting Mexican police. But their latest use is perhaps the bikes’ most important mission yet: helping Ukrainian soldiers strike a David vs. Goliath blow against Russia’s barbaric invasion of their country.

How do you protect your tank against a silent by deadly soldier coming to get you with a Belfast-made NLAW on a Ukrainian Delfast at 50 mph?

I suspect a fit well-trained soldier can outride a Russian T72 tank, hide in the forest and setup his NLAW. Now that’s humiliation!

It also appears from these two paragraphs, that Ukrainian snipers are also enjoying the advantages of electric bikes.

Another local Ukrainian company, ELEEK, has also supplied its country’s armed forces with silent, powerful electric motorbikes for use on the battlefield.

In that case, the electric motorbikes were requested for use by sniper teams.

The Ukranians seem to be a very inventive nation.

 

 

 

May 23, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel, World | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Call For Rail Sector To Mobilise To Get Ukrainian Agricultural Exports Moving

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Railway Gazette.

These are the first two paragraphs.

Rail has a central role in the European Commission’s plan to establish ‘Solidarity Lanes’ for the transport of Ukrainian agricultural exports which would normally use the Black Sea ports that are being blockaded by Russia.

Announcing its plan, the commission said the Russian blockade is threatening global food security, creating an urgent need for alternative transport routes. Ukraine is the largest exporter of sunflower oil (50% of world exports), the third largest of rapeseed (20%) and barley (18%), the fourth of maize (16%) and the fifth of wheat (12%).

It certainly is a big problem and not just for Ukraine, but for any country that habitually buys these agricultural products from Ukraine.

But it will probably require a lot of investment to solve.

These are points from the article.

  • Trains handling 1,400 tonnes are possible.
  • The average waiting time for wagons at the Ukrainian border is sixteen days.
  • The capacity of existing freight corridors must be expanded and new ones must be created.

After reading the whole article, it does seem that an EU plan is being created.

I have my thoughts.

Gauge Change

Consider.

  • There will be a gauge change between standard and Russian gauge.
  • Spanish company; Talgo has developed the technology, so that trains can run on both gauges and even change between gauges at a slow speed.
  • The technology is used on the Strizh train, which runs passenger services between Berlin and Moscow via Warsaw.

I feel it is likely, that Talgo could develop freight wagons to move the agricultural products between Ukraine and ports in Poland or Germany.

Talgo’s Plans

In A Spaniard In The Works!, I outlined Talgo’s plans, which included building a factory at Longannet in Scotland.

But their plans must have been disrupted, as the company did not secure the High Speed Two Classic-Compatible rolling stock contract.

On the other hand Longannet could be an ideal place to build trains for Eastern Europe. They could go on a ferry to Gdansk, Helsinki or other ports.

May 19, 2022 Posted by | Food, Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

A Massive Task For Ukraine?

After the Russians are thrown out of Ukraine, it will be a massive task to rebuild Ukraine.

But one of Ukraine’s traditional industries can also be used to transform the world.

The Transformation Of Energy Production To Floating Offshore Wind

I believe that over the next few years, we will see an enormous transformation of zero-carbon energy to floating offshore wind.

  • The floating offshore wind industry is planning to use the next-generation of larger wind turbines of up to 20 MW.
  • These turbines are too large and intrusive to install onshore.
  • Floating wind turbines generally have a higher capacity factor of over 50 %, than onshore turbines.
  • Each wind turbine will be mounted on a substantial semi-submersible float, which is built out of large-diameter steel tubes
  • The wind turbines are of the same design, as those installed onshore.
  • There are several designs for the floats and they are usually based on designs that have worked in the oil and gas industry.

The world will need millions of floating turbines and an equivalent number of floats to fully decarbonise.

Could The Ukrainians Build The Floats?

Consider.

  • The Russians have destroyed Mariupol, whilst the Ukrainians have defended the city in the steelworks.
  • Mariupol used to have a large shipbuilding industry.
  • Ukraine is in the world’s top ten of iron ore producers.
  • There is a lot of scrap steel available in the Ukraine, that the Russians have left behind.
  • The Ukrainians probably have a lot of workers, who have the skills to build the floats.

I’m sure something could be arranged for the benefit of everybody.

April 28, 2022 Posted by | Energy | , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Even A Relic Of The True Cross Couldn’t Keep The 12,500-ton Moskva Afloat

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on The Times.

The relic and what happened to it, is described in this extract.

More unusually, it was also carrying a purported splinter from the cross on which Jesus Christ was said to have been crucified. The holy relic was purchased from a Catholic church in Europe by Russian Orthodox Christian businessmen and handed over to the cruiser in 2020. Just a few millimeters across, it was stored inside a 19th-century cross that was kept in the cruiser’s on-board chapel, the Tass news agency reported.

The article also claimed that an unnamed Russian businessman paid $40 million for the relic and that Putin’s admirals believed the thin sliver of wood deflected missiles and torpedoes.

This is comedy gold of the highest class.

It is time to unleash the dogs of comedy!

April 17, 2022 Posted by | World | , , , , , , | 2 Comments

Is Volodymyr Zelenskyy Planning A Mosquito Moment?

Just imagine the scene in Berlin on January 30th, 1943, which was the tenth anniversary of Adolf Hitler’s rise to power.

A celebration had been planned with speeches by Goering and Goebbels to the Nazi faithful, which would be broadcast over the radio.

But precisely as Goering started to speak, three RAF Mosquitos arrived over Berlin.

This article on The Smithsonian Magazine, which is entitled When the RAF Buzzed Over Germany to Drown Out Nazi Broadcasts, describes the interruption like this.

When the bombs and the British engines intruded on the broadcast of Goering’s speech, radio engineers cut his feed and scrambled for safety. A bewildered German public instead heard the cacophony of bombers, which was soon replaced on their radios with a crackly recording of marching band music. It was more than an hour before a furious Goering returned to the airwaves.

Hours later, three more Mosquitos, gave Goebbels a similar treatment.

Wikipedia gives this quote from Goering about the Mosquito.

In 1940 I could at least fly as far as Glasgow in most of my aircraft, but not now! It makes me furious when I see the Mosquito. I turn green and yellow with envy. The British, who can afford aluminium better than we can, knock together a beautiful wooden aircraft that every piano factory over there is building, and they give it a speed which they have now increased yet again. What do you make of that? There is nothing the British do not have. They have the geniuses and we have the nincompoops. After the war is over I’m going to buy a British radio set – then at least I’ll own something that has always worked.

He was lecturing a group of German aircraft manufacturers.

It has been reported that Vlad the Mad is planning a spectacular parade on Victory Day, which is May 9th, 2022.

I can imagine that Ukrainian planners are working on ways to interrupt any speeches.

A drone spraying blue and yellow paint would be intensely funny and totally within the expertise of high-quality special forces.

April 10, 2022 Posted by | World | , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

GB Railfreight Names Locomotive For Ukraine

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on Railnews.

This is the first paragraph.

GB Railfreight has unveiled a Class 66 locomotive bearing the nameplates ‘Glory to Ukraine’, and painted in a special livery using the Ukrainan colours. GBRf said it ‘stands with Ukraine, and this newly painted locomotive honours the people affected by the conflict as they continue to courageously defend their homeland’.

Perhaps not in the same class as this article from the Guardian, which is entitled Lithuania Names Road Leading To Russian Embassy ‘Ukrainian Heroes’ Street’.

But every little bit helps!

April 8, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Russia Destroys Ukraine’s Dream

The Antonov An-225 Mriya was a unique aircraft.

It was the biggest aircraft in the world and was regularly used to move heavy or awkward cargoes around the world, as a reading of its Wikipedia entry will disclose.

Mriya is Ukrainian for dream.

But all that useful work has come to an end.

This article on CNN is entitled World’s Largest Plane Destroyed In Ukraine.

These are the first two paragraphs.

The world’s largest plane, the Antonov AN-225, has been destroyed during the Russian invasion of Ukraine, according to Ukrainian officials, generating alarm and sadness among the aviation world in which it occupies almost cult status.

The enormous aircraft, named “Mriya,” or “dream” in Ukrainian, was parked at an airfield near Kyiv when it was attacked by “Russian occupants,” Ukrainian authorities said, adding that they would rebuild the plane.

I know it’s only a plane and in the current scheme of things, that is a minor loss, but the Mriya has proved itself to be so uniquely useful in moving awkward cargoes, that the plane would surely have played a major part in the humanitarian relief and the rebuilding of Ukraine.

Given, that the plane would have surely been of use to the Russians, it just shows how utterly stupid, they have been in this war.

 

April 2, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Fortescue And E.ON To Supply Europe With Green Hydrogen

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Hydrogen Fuel News.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Fortescue Future Industries Pty Ltd. of Australia and E.ON SE, energy giant from Germany, have teamed up to supply green hydrogen to Europe. This strategy is meant to help the EU to reduce its reliance on Russian energy.

These are other points from the article.

  • FFI intends to supply five million tonnes of hydrogen per year by 2030.
  • The hydrogen will be produced by renewable hydrogen in Australia.
  • E.ON will handle the distribution.
  • Five million tonnes is about a third of Germany’s energy imports.

I have some further thoughts.

How Much Energy Is Needed to Produce Five Million Tonnes Per Year Of Hydrogen?

In Can The UK Have A Capacity To Create Five GW Of Green Hydrogen?, I said the following.

Ryze Hydrogen are building the Herne Bay electrolyser.

  • It will consume 23 MW of solar and wind power.
  • It will produce ten tonnes of hydrogen per day.

The electrolyser will consume 552 MWh to produce ten tonnes of hydrogen, so creating one tonne of hydrogen needs 55.2 MWh of electricity.

55.2 MWh/tonne is 55.2 kWh/kg.

To produce five million tonnes of hydrogen will need 55.2 * 5.000,000 / 10 MWh.

  • This is 27,600,000 MWh or 27,600 GWh.
  • It works out at an average of 75.6 GWh per day or 3.15 GWh per hour.

This article on vox is entitled The Economic Limitations Of Wind And Solar Power, where this is said.

“Capacity factor” refers to how often a power plant runs and thus how much power it produces relative to its total potential (capacity). Nuclear power plants in the US run around 90 percent of the time, so they have a 90 percent capacity factor. On average, the capacity factor of solar ranges anywhere from 10 to just over 30 percent. For wind, it ranges from 20 to just over 50 percent, averaging around 34 percent in the US.

If FFI is using solar to generate electricity in Australia, I suspect that the capacity factor will be around twenty percent at best.

So will FFI need around 16 GW of solar power to satisfy the supply to Germany?

The Wikipedia entry for Solar Power In Australia gives a good insight into its capability of providing the 16 GW of energy needed. This statement is key.

Using solar to supply all the energy needed would use less than 0.1% of land.

It does look that Australia could provide Germany with some of the hydrogen it needs.

Would It Be Cheaper To Produce The Hydrogen In The North Sea?

This is probably heresy to Andrew Forrest, who is the Australian billionaire behind Fortescue Future Industries.

Consider.

  • North Sea Hydrogen could be piped to Germany.
  • Australia and Germany would probably need transfer by liquid hydrogen tanker.
  • Electrolysers would need to be used to create hydrogen from renewable energy in both Australia and the North Sea.
  • Floating wind farms in the North Sea could be more efficient than solar in Australia, as the capacity factor is higher.

We obviously won’t know until both wind and solar technologies are fully developed.

Will There Be Price Competition Between Australian And North Sea Hydrogen?

It does appear that Andrew Forrest believes in research and I wouldn’t be surprised to see his company developing ideas that drop the price of solar-produced hydrogen.

Research and good engineering on both sides will also drop prices, so I suspect price competition will occur.

Will Fortescue Future Industries Develop North Sea Hydrogen?

Given the ambition being shown by Andrew Forrest to be the Hydrogen King, I wouldn’t be surprised if he joined the streams of international investors in the North Sea, who are developing wind farms.

Conclusion

Go! Aussie! Go!

 

 

April 2, 2022 Posted by | Hydrogen | , , , , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments

How A British-Made Missile Launcher Helped Keep Vladimir Putin’s Army At Bay

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on The Telegraph.

This is the sub-title.

The Anglo-Swedish next-generation light anti-tank weapon (NLAW) has achieved cult status in Ukraine.

But not perhaps in Russia! Unless they worship the devil!

Seriously, though, we may be watching the war, which marks the beginning of the end of the tank.

  • A general of my acquaintance told me about ten years ago, that tanks were a nightmare for army commanders, unless the terrain was very tank-friendly. He should have known, as he’d once run the Army Survey, which gives geographical information to the British Army.
  • Defenders like the jolly Ukrainian in the video in the Telegraph article, will get better missiles and do more damage to tanks.
  • Satellites and drones will get more watchful and intelligent and will direct the firepower of defenders to the inch.
  • Tanks could get bigger, but then they would be more likely to get stuck.

My only worry, is will the death of the tank, make chemical, biological or nuclear war more likely?

April 1, 2022 Posted by | World | , , , , , , , | 8 Comments