The Anonymous Widower

Expansion Plan To Take World’s Biggest Battery Storage Project To 3GWh Capacity

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Energy Storage News.

These are the first two paragraphs.

Plans to nearly double the output and capacity of the world’s biggest battery energy storage system (BESS) project to date have been announced by its owner, Vistra Energy.

The Texas-headquartered integrated utility and power generation company said it wants to add another 350MW/1,400MWh BESS to the Moss Landing Energy Storage Facility in California’s Monterey Bay.

The project is based at the Moss Landing Power Plant, which was once the largest power plant in the state of California, with a generation capacity of 2560 MW.

There appear to be three phases.

  • Phase 1 is 300MW/1,200MWh and went online at the end of 2020
  • Phase 2 is 100MW/400MWh and went online in August 2021.
  • Phase 3 will be 350MW/1,400MWh.

This gives a maximum power output of 750 MW and prospective total capacity of 3 GWh. At full power, the battery could supply 750 MW for four hours.

For comparison, the two Scottish batteries I talked about in Amp Wins Consent For 800MW Scots Battery Complex, have a combined output of 800 MW and a total capacity of 1600 MWh, which would give a full power run of two hours.

Could the difference be that Scotland has 9.3 GW of installed windpower, whereas the much larger California has only 6 GW?

Both Scotland and California also have some pumped storage power stations.

This all shows the complex integrated nature of electricity networks.

January 28, 2022 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Lithium In A California Lake Could Help U.S. Gain Energy Autonomy

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on NBC News.

This is the introductory paragraph.

The ingredient crucial to electric car batteries is found in the brine of the Salton Sea, a once-busy recreation spot that fell into decay because of toxic runoff.

So where is the Salton Sea?

This Google Map shows the Salton Sea in the middle of the Californian desert.

It looks like a rather bleak hot place to me.

But if we can extract lithium out of little Cornwall, surely the Yanks can extract it from a dying lake.

January 19, 2022 Posted by | Energy | , , | 4 Comments

New California Hydrogen Fuel Plant Will Use Wood Waste

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Hydrogen Fuel News.

  • It is being developed by a company called Mote.
  • They are spending $100 million on the development.
  • The plant will be built at Bakersfield in California.

The Mote web site is worth a look.

It explains their process with a good graphic.

  • Wood waste is gasified and processed, so that the carbon dioxide and hydrogen are separated.
  • The hydrogen is used as normal.
  • The carbon dioxide is stored.

The company claims the process is carbon negative.

They also give figures for their first facility.

  • It will remove 150,000 tonnes of carbon from the atmosphere every year.
  • It will produce twenty tonnes of hydrogen per day.

Fluor, who are one of the United States largest construction companies are involved.

Conclusion

In Can The UK Have A Capacity To Create Five GW Of Green Hydrogen?, I said the following.

Ryze Hydrogen are building the Herne Bay electrolyser.

  • It will consume 23 MW of solar and wind power.
  • It will produce ten tonnes of hydrogen per day.

The electrolyser will consume 552 MWh to produce ten tonnes of hydrogen, so creating one tonne of hydrogen needs 55.2 MWh of electricity.

This would mean that Mote’s Bakersfield plant is twice the size in terms of hydrogen production, than the electrolyser at Herne Bay.

Looking up Bakersfield on Wikipedia, it appears that there is a lot of agriculture in the area and it ranks in the top five in the States.

I’d like to learn more about this company and their method of hydrogen production.

Does it count as green hydrogen, as it appears the carbon dioxide is stored.

Given the agriculture in the area, could the carbon dioxide be fed to plants growing in greenhouses.

 

 

December 23, 2021 Posted by | Hydrogen | , , , | 2 Comments

The First North American Commercial Hydrogen Ferry Is In The Works

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Hydrogen Fuel News.

The 84-passenger ferry will be called Sea Change and will operate in the San Francisco Bay Area.

What is interesting about this project are some of the companies and organisations involved, who include BAe Systems, Cummins and the California Air Resources Board, who are chipping in with a $3 million grant.

I’ve said before that Cummins are making investments in hydrogen and modern, reliable and eco-friendly ferries across iconic rivers and estuaries wouldn’t harm the companies involved in their creation.

This page on the Switch Maritime gives more details of the Sea Change.

Ferries Across The Mersey

The current Mersey Ferries in Liverpool entered service in the 1960s.

These pictures shows Snowdrop, when she had been given a razzle-dazzle paint scheme by Sir Peter Blake.

Note.

  1. There is more about this colour scheme in the Wikipedia entry for Dazzle Ship (14-18 NOW).
  2. Snowdrop is much larger than the Californian ferry
  3. Mersey Ferries are different and the current pair will need to be replaced soon.

To me, hydrogen is the obvious choice for propulsion for a new ferry.

Freeport East

Freeport East is a new freeport to be built around the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe.

It will also be a hydrogen hub, as this infographic shows.

I would expect that the ferry between the two ports will be upgraded to a hydrogen one.

Conclusion

Ferries will be one of the first application of hydrogen power to ships.

 

June 5, 2021 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

Gigawatt-Scale Compressed Air: World’s Largest Non-Hydro Energy-Storage Projects Announced

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Recharge.

This is the opening paragraph.

The two 500MW/5GWh ‘advanced’ compressed-air projects in California would each be bigger than the current record holder.

They are certainly not small. On the Electric Mountain scale of energy storage, they are both 55 %.

Both appear to be from Canadian company; Hydrostor and will be built in California.

This explanatory video is from the company.

It appears to be a rather elegant solution.

Like Highview Power, the system appears to be based on proven process technology, is zero-carbon, can be built almost anywhere and doesn’t require large amounts of land.

Hydrostor is definitely one to watch.

My only worry about both Hydrostor and Highview systems, is that countries, who don’t recognise patents and design copyrights could develop other systems based on similar physical principles.

 

April 30, 2021 Posted by | Energy Storage | , , , | 1 Comment

Tesla And PG&E Are Working On A Massive ‘Up To 1.1 GWh’ Powerpack Battery System

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on electrek.

This is the first two paragraphs.

For the past few months, Tesla and CEO Elon Musk have been teasing a giant battery project that would dwarf even the company’s 129 MWh Powerpack project in Australia.

Today, we learn that Tesla is working with PG&E on a massive battery system with a capacity of “up to 1.1 GWh” in California.

It certainly, is a big lithium-ion battery.

  • It will be able to provide 182.5 MW for four hours.
  • It looks like it could be the largest  lithium-ion battery in the world.

It is worth comparing with the Castaic Power Plant, which is also in California.

  • This is a pumped storage plant.
  • It can produce 1566 MW and has a capacity of 12470 MWh.

This Google Map shows the plant.

Note.

  1. The power plant is also part of the California State Water Project, which transfer water from North to South.
  2. The low-lake is Elderberry Forebay to the East.
  3. The high-lake is Pyramid Lake to the North.

It is a complicated system that includes the Angeles Tunnel, which takes water between Pyramid Lake and the Castaic power plant.

It cost a lot more than the 1.1 GWh battery, but it can generate a lot more power.

 

April 5, 2021 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage | , , , | Leave a comment

Solar Canals Already Competitive With Ground-Mounted PV

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on PV Magazine.

This is the introductory paragraph.

U.S. researchers have assessed the technical and economic feasibility of solar canals in California and have found that their LCOE is already close to that of ground-mounted solar plants. Three different project configurations were analyzed for eight different sites across the California network of canals.

It is a fascinating concept and is already been tried in India.

But apparently, California has the world’s largest network of canals.

Unlike the French system of Floatovoltaics, which I wrote about in Understanding Floatovoltaics, they don’t float the panels on the water, but suspend them with cables or trusses.

But like the French system, they do cut down evaporation.

March 24, 2021 Posted by | Energy | , , , , | 1 Comment

BNSF and Wabtec Commence Battery-Electric Locomotive Pilot Test In California

The title of this post, is the same as that of this press release from BNSF.

This is the introductory paragraph.

BNSF Railway Company (BNSF) and Wabtec’s (NYSE: WAB) exploration of the future potential of battery-electric locomotives crosses another significant milestone this week as they begin testing the technology in revenue service between Barstow and Stockton, California. As BNSF seeks ways to further reduce its environmental impact, the advancement of battery technology offers some possible solutions.

“We’ve got everything in place and we’re ready to see how this next-generation locomotive performs in revenue service,” said John Lovenburg, BNSF vice president, Environmental. “BNSF is focused on continuing to reduce our environmental impact, and we’re committed to doing our part to test and assess the commercial viability of emerging technologies that reduce emissions.”

They have also released this video.

It certainly seems to work.

January 14, 2021 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , | 2 Comments

Waste-to-Hydrogen Project Set For California

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Power Magazine.

This is the introductory paragraph.

A California company that produces renewable hydrogen has joined with a Louisiana construction group on a project to build a modular waste-to-hydrogen production facility.

These are some further points.

  • The Californian company; Ways2H, also has a project in Japan.
  • They aim to setup a pipeline of projects in 2021.
  • The California Energy Commission has said the state is short of green hydrogen.
  • The process can use paper and plastic waste or municipal solid waste.
  • They can also handle medicinal waste.
  • The systems appear to be transportable.

This paragraph is from the article.

Kindler said his company could produce “white hydrogen,” because the company’s process, which uses very high temperatures to turn waste plastics, wood, rubber and other biomass into gas and a carbon solid, can be used to sequester carbon dioxide and store it underground.

It looks to me, that if they make this system work, they will have found an alternative way to make hydrogen, by a zero-carbon method.

Conclusion

Could we see one of these plants in every local authority in the world to process all their waste into hydrogen?

I suspect in Ways2H’s plan for world domination, this is one of their objectives.

October 7, 2020 Posted by | Energy, Hydrogen | , , , , | 2 Comments

Reclassify Hydropower Now – As Renewable Energy

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Cal Matters.

It is written by a politician and details the mess California seems to be in over energy policy.

In the UK and Europe in general, hydro-electric power is generally considered to be renewable.

But not always in California, where environmentalists are against dams. So in the last heatwave, California was importing hydropower from places like the Hoover Dam.

We must get our policies and definitions right on what is and what isn’t renewable energy.

August 21, 2020 Posted by | Energy | , , | Leave a comment