The Anonymous Widower

DHL Teams With Volvo Trucks To Speed Up Transition To Fossil-Free Trucking

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on CleanTechnica.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Electric buses, electric garbage trucks, and even electric construction equipment are becoming more and more commonplace in urban landscapes, but there’s still some debate over whether or not battery electric vehicles will take over open-road, long distance trucking any time soon. To help make the case that electric trucking is the way forward, DHL Freight and Volvo Trucks have partnered to speed up the introduction of heavy duty electric trucks to be used for regional transport throughout Sweden.

Read the article and see what you think.

The author takes the view that electric trucks may be able to handle heavy duty road transport and that would sideline expensive fuel cell trucks powered by hydrogen.

This is a paragraph.

If it’s successful, the move to battery electric trucking could be one of the final nails in the coffin of expensive hydrogen fuel cell projects like Nikola Trucks and Volvo’s own recently acquired Daimler truck division.

I  am not so sure, that he is right!

Recently, I wrote Holyhead Hydrogen Hub Planned For Wales and Felixstowe And Harwich Ports Submit Bid For ‘Freeport’ Status, where hydrogen hubs are proposed at the posts of Holyhead and Felixstowe.

  • This is a distance of 335 miles.
  • As trucks average 55 mph on motorways and dual carriageways, this journey would take six hours.
  • Six hours is the maximum time a truck driver can work without a break.
  • Tesla have said that their battery Semi Truck will have a range of 300 or 500 miles.

I feel that this rough calculation shows that both electric and hydrogen trucks could handle the Felixstowe and Holyhead route.

  • With the battery truck, the weight and size of the battery would probably reduce the payload.
  • Factors like cost of ownership, payload and drivers hours would probably play a big part in the choice.
  • Trucks would need to be refuelled at the start of the journey, if they’d just come off a ferry.
  • On Tesla’s figures, recharging a battery truck would take thirty minutes.

Once we start looking at practical journeys like say Cologne and Dublin, if you want to do it with one truck, it has to be hydrogen.

But a container between Felixstowe and Holyhead could probably be handled by an electric truck.

If you look at between Dover and Holyhead, that is 370 miles and at 55 mph, it would take almost seven hours. So the driver would need a break.

Conclusion

There will need to be extensive modelling to decide, what type of truck is best for a particular route, operator and cargo.

Daimler’s Philosophy

In Daimler Trucks Presents Technology Strategy For Electrification – World Premiere Of Mercedes-Benz Fuel-Cell Concept Truck, I examined Daimler’s strategy for hydrogen and electric trucks.

This is a summary of their philosophy.

  • Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck, a fuel-cell truck with a range of up to 1,000 kilometres and more for flexible and demanding long-haul transport – customer trials in 2023, start of series production in second half of this decade.
  • Mercedes-Benz eActros LongHaul, a battery-electric truck with a range of about 500 kilometres for energy-efficient transport on plannable long-haul routes – projected to be ready for series production in 2024.
  • Mercedes-Benz eActros, a battery-electric truck with a range of well over 200 kilometres for heavy urban distribution to go into series production in 2021.

Note.

  1. 500 kilometres is 310 miles,
  2. The Mercedes-Benz eActros LongHaul will be able to handle Dover or Felixstowe and Holyhead with a thirty minute driver break/battery charge somewhere in the Midlands.
  3. The Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck will be able to handle Dover or Felixstowe and Holyhead without refuelling.
  4. The Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck will be able to handle a 620 mile out-and-back journey from Dover or Felixstowe without refuelling. This would allow journeys to Birmingham, Derby, Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester, Nottingham and Sheffield

The flexibility built into Daimler’s philosophy is probably a sensible approach and ideal for truck journeys from Dover and Felixstowe.

Daimler would appear to have done a lot of modelling.

 

 

February 25, 2021 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport | , , , , | Leave a comment

Is Heavy-Duty Fuel Cell Trucking Almost Ready For Prime Time?

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Freight Waves.

It is a comprehensive article, that discusses hydrogen-powered trucks with respect to the United States.

Some quick points from the article.

  • Companies are looking at dedicated routes.
  • California with its emissions legislation, will be in the forefront of hydrogen trucks in the US.
  • Nikola will build hydrogen filling stations to support big customers.
  • Toyota are using the same fuel cells in passenger cars and the largest trucks.
  • Toyota are trialling their trucks on short runs from the ports in the Los Angeles area.

There does seem to be a lot of US companies getting involved in hydrogen.

The article is definitely a must-read.

Some of the applications mentioned for hydrogen trucks are more about heavy loads over short distances, than taking a load half-way across the US.

These applications will possibly mean.

  • Back-to-base refuelling.
  • More running in urban areas.
  • Large reductions in emissions and pollution.

As fleets get larger, it might be economic for a fleet to have its own system to provide the hydrogen, as the hydrogen-buses do in Pau.

I suspect that roll-out of these applications could be helped by some well-designed tax incentives.

February 19, 2021 Posted by | Transport | , , , , | Leave a comment

Holyhead Hydrogen Hub Planned For Wales

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on H2 View.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Plans for a new hydrogen production plant, refuelling and distribution hub have been unveiled for Holyhead, North Wales.

Some other points from the article.

  • Unsurprisingly, it will be called the Holyhead Hydrogen Hub.
  • Holyhead is the second largest roll-on, roll-off port in the UK.
  • There is plenty of potential for renewable energy in the area.
  • It will support the port and large scale movements of HGVs.
  • There is plenty of potential for renewable energy in the area.
  • The hydrogen in future could support trains, ships, public transport and other uses.

In the last year, I’ve read about hydrogen hubs in ports, including Portsmouth and Antwerp, so Holyhead is just following a trend.

February 18, 2021 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport | , , | 2 Comments

Diesel Engine Giant Cummins Plans Hydrogen Future–With Trains Coming Before Trucks

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Forbes.

It is very much a must-read article about how Cummins, who are a traditional diesel engine manufacturer is embracing hydrogen technology.

Trains Before Trucks

As the title says, they are starting with trains rather than trucks.

They have started by building a factory to make fuel cells for Alstom’s Coradia iLint, as I wrote about in Cummins To Build Railway Fuel Cell Factory.

Reading the Forbes article, it appears that the decision has been made to focus on trains and buses, is because they run fixed subsidised routes and you only need a couple of hydrogen filling stations at the ends of the route. But for trucks, you need full infrastructure.

November 17, 2020 Posted by | Hydrogen | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Plans For £45m Scottish Green Hydrogen Production Plant Revealed

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on H2 View.

This is the opening paragraph.

UK-built hydrogen buses powered by Scottish-made green hydrogen, transporting COP26 delegates around Glasgow in 2021: that’s the vision of a new £45m project unveiled today (3rd Nov).

Some details of the plant are also given.

  • It will be built at Lesmahagow.
  • It will be co-located with wind turbines and solar panels.
  • It will have an initial capacity of 9 MW, with a possible increase to 20 MW.
  • It will produce 800 tonnes of hydrogen per annum.
  • The company behind it, is called Hy2Go

It sounds like the electrolyser is the one mentioned in Green Hydrogen For Scotland, which was announced in a press release from ITM Power.

Although, that electrolyser may be situated at Whitelee Wind Farm, which is a few miles closer to the coast.

Will Scotland Have Two Electrolysers To the South Of Glasgow?

Consider.

  • Whitelee is the UK’s largest onshore wind farm with a capacity of 539 MW.
  • It is planned to install a large battery at Whitelee. See Super Battery Plan To Boost UK’s Biggest Onshore Windfarm on this page on the Scottish Power web site.
  • Lesmahagow’s turbines and solar panels have not been installed yet.
  • Much of the wind power in the South of Scotland and the North of England is mainly onshore, rather than onshore.
  • The location of the Lesmahagow electrolyser will be close to the M74.
  • The location of the Whitelee electrolyser will be close to the M77.
  • There is a good motorway network linking the electrolysers’ to the major cities in the South of Scotland and the North of England.
  • Newcastle might be a bit difficult to supply, but that may receive hydrogen from Teesside or the Humber.

Perhaps, the economics of onshore wind, with electrolysers nearby, makes for an affordable source of plentiful green hydrogen.

I would expect that if Scotland built two large electrolysers South of Glasgow, they wouldn’t have too much trouble using the hydrogen to reduce the country’s and the North of England’s carbon footprint.

Have These Two Projects Merged?

Consider.

  • The Lesmahagow site is stated in the article to possibly have two electrolysers with a total capacity of 20 MW.
  • The Lesmahagow site is in an excellent position close to a junction to the M74 motorway, with easy access to Edinburgh, Glasgow and England.
  • The Lesmahagow site could probably have a pipeline to a hydrogen filling station for trucks and other vehicles on the M74.
  • The Whitelee wind farm is huge.
  • Lesmahagow and Whitelee are about twenty miles apart.
  • More wind turbines might be possible between the two sites.
  • There must also be a high-capacity grid connection at Whitelee.

Combining the two projects could have advantages.

  • There could be cost savings on the infrastructure.
  • It might be easier to add more wind turbines.

There may be time savings to be made, so that hydrogen is available for COP26.

Conclusion

Scotland is making a bold green statement for COP26.

A network of very large hydrogen electrolysers is stating to emerge.

  • Glasgow – Lesmahagow.
  • Herne Bay for London and the South East – Planning permission has been obtained.
  • Humber – In planning
  • Runcorn for North West England – Existing supply
  • Teesside – Existing supply

Joe Bamford’s dream of thousands of hydrogen-powered buses, is beginning to become a reality.

November 4, 2020 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage, Hydrogen, Transport | , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments

SEA Electric And Toyota Team Up For Electric Trucks

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on AuManufacturing.

These are the introductory paragraphs.

Toyota’s Hino truck division has announced a major foray into electric and hydrogen powered trucks, with Melbourne’s SEA Electric set to partner in the development of a new medium sized truck.

SEA Electric manufactures electric vehicle drive trains in Melbourne and has been converting Hino truck models to electric here and in the United States.

Now the company will partner with Hino in its global Project Z which will expand its range of largely diesel trucks.

It appears that electric and hydrogen powered vehicles are being developed.

This paragraph describes the powertrain.

Running the SEA Drive 120 a powertrain, it is mounted on on a cab/chassis platform. The 1470Nm electric motor and 136kWh battery pack delivers range of up to 350km (220 miles), and a typical breakeven period of less than 4 years.

They also claim to have eliminated the need for a battery cooling system.

Conclusion

I am drawn to these conclusions.

It seems that there are scores of small companies all over the world developing battery and hydrogen power systems for trucks, buses and trains.

As with SEA Electric and Hino, big manufacturers are often happy to tie up with smaller technology companies to create new products.

October 11, 2020 Posted by | Energy, Hydrogen, Transport | , , , , | Leave a comment

All Aboard The Bamford Hydrogen Bus Revolution

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Air Quality News.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Air Quality News editor Jamie Hailstone talks to JCB heir and hydrogen advocate, Jo Bamford, about why it is the fuel of the future for buses.

It is a good read, as Jo Bamford details his vision to change public transport with thousands of hydrogen-powered buses.

He talks in a common-sense manner, about the economics and practicalities of zero emission buses, of which this paragraph is typical.

‘I have a bus manufacturing business,’ he adds. ‘We make a diesel bus, a battery double-decker and a hydrogen double-decker. A battery double-decker will do 60% of the distance of a diesel bus and take 4.5 hours to charge. A hydrogen bus will do the same distance as a diesel bus and take seven minutes to fill up. If you are running a bus for 22 hours a day, you can’t afford to charge them up for 4.5 hours a day.

Jo Bamford finishes with.

I think hydrogen is a sexy, cool thing to be looking at.

I agree with him and we should get started on lots of hydrogen buses and their hydrogen supply network.

As I wrote in Daimler Trucks Presents Technology Strategy For Electrification – World Premiere Of Mercedes-Benz Fuel-Cell Concept Truck, Mercedes are going the hydrogen route with big trucks and these trucks will need a hydrogen supply network to be built in the UK.

So surely, we should look at decarbonisation of buses and heavy trucks in an holistic way, by creating that hydrogen supply network in the UK.

Ryse have now obtained planning permission for their first big electrolyser at Herne Bay and it now has its own web site, which includes this video, explaining Ryse Hydrogen’s philosophy.

Let’s hope that this first electrolyser, grows into the network the country needs.

 

October 3, 2020 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport | , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Daimler Trucks Presents Technology Strategy For Electrification – World Premiere Of Mercedes-Benz Fuel-Cell Concept Truck

This title of this post, is the same as that of this article on the Daimler Global Media Site.

These are the opening bullet points.

  • Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck, a fuel-cell truck with a range of up to 1,000 kilometers and more for flexible and demanding long-haul transport – customer trials in 2023, start of series production in second half of this decade.
  • Mercedes-Benz eActros LongHaul, a battery-electric truck with a range of about 500 kilometers for energy-efficient transport on plannable long-haul routes – projected to be ready for series production in 2024.
  • Mercedes-Benz eActros, a battery-electric truck with a range of well over 200 kilometers for heavy urban distribution to go into series production in 2021.
  • ePowertrain global platform architecture offers synergies and economies of scale.

Judging by the spelling, this media copy, is from the bad spellers of Trumpland.

It looks to be a case of Daimler have called up the heavy brigade.

The best way to learn more is to search for “Mercedes-Benz GenH2 Truck”

There’s some good YouTube videos.

From this video, I ascertained the following.

  • The truck has a stainless steel tank for liquid hydrogen on either side between the front and rear wheels.
  • There are two 150 kW fuel cells, which appear to be of an inhouse Mercedes design.
  • There is a 70 kWh battery between the two liquid hydrogen tanks low down in the middle of the truck.
  • The battery can supply 400 kW, if needed.

This screen capture shows a cutaway from the video.

I am impressed by the design.

  • Everything is fitted neatly in the small space.
  • The design doesn’t seem to intrude into the load space, so I would assume, it would work with all existing trailers and bodies.
  • The battery position must help stability and driveability.
  • It looks like a design, that would be friendly to cyclists, as the hydrogen tanks act as a round safety barrier.

I shall look at the operation.

Consider.

  • The current Actros trucks have engines with a power of up to 500 HP or 400 kW.
  • The 70 kWh battery can provide 400 kW for about 10 minutes.
  • Regenerative braking to the battery must be possible.
  • There’s probably a well-programmed computer between the driver and the electric transmission.

I wouldn’t be surprised that the truck is more of a battery-hydrogen hybrid, than a pure hydrogen truck.

Suppose, it was hauling a heavy load from Felixstowe to Manchester.

  • Will the truck charge the battery before it leaves Felixstowe? It could use the fuel cells or be plugged in to a high-performance charger. 70 kWh, is not the biggest of batteries compared to say those on a train.
  • Once on the A45 (Sorry! A14), it would accelerate quickly to the cruising speed, probably using mostly battery power.
  • It would then cruise mainly using hydrogen and the fuel cells to the destination. The truck would be optimised for an economic cruise.
  • During any deceleration, regenerative braking to the battery would be used.
  • Battery power might be called upon on any inclines or after a stop.

Intriguingly, a range of 1000 kilometres or 620 miles would allow many out-and-bank journeys in the UK, France, Germany or Italy to be performed without refuelling.

Leeds, Liverpool, Manchester and Newcastle are all under 300 miles from the Suffolk port.

Conclusion

I used to part-own a company, that financed trucks, moving loads into and out of Felixstowe in the 1980s.

From what I learned then of the heavy truck market, hydrogen-powered heavy trucks are going to be a winner, especially, if most journeys are out-and-back from one end.

October 2, 2020 Posted by | Design, Hydrogen | , , , , | 2 Comments

Hyundai’s Hydrogen Truck Wins Award

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on H2 View.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Hyundai’s hydrogen-powered fuel cell heavy-duty truck HDC-6 Neptune has won a 2020 Future Mobility of the Year (FMOTY) award.

Perhaps only a small step in the grand scheme of decarbonisation, but hydrogen trucks are starting to be noticed.

August 6, 2020 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport | , | Leave a comment

Hyundai Delivers World’s First Hydrogen-Powered Trucks

The title of this post, is the same as this article on Car Advice.

The trucks llok impressive and they are going to Switzerland.

July 8, 2020 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport | , | Leave a comment