The Anonymous Widower

World’s First Net Zero Transatlantic Flight To Fly From London in 2023, Powered By The Rolls-Royce Trent 1000

The title of this post, is the same as that of this press release from Rolls-Royce.

These are the three main bullet points.

  • World first as Virgin Atlantic wins UK government funding to operate historic London – New York flight
  • Rolls-Royce, Boeing, Imperial College London, University of Sheffield, Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI) and ICF also form part of an iconic British-led consortium 
  • Heralds future of low carbon aviation, with the wider sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) industry potentially creating thousands of UK jobs while supporting delivery of net zero aviation emissions by 2050 

Note.

  1. The flight will take place next year.
  2. The aircraft will be one of Virgin Atlantic’s flagship Boeing 787s, which are powered by a pair of Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engines.
  3. When fully replacing kerosene, SAF can slash lifecycle carbon emissions by more than 70% compared to conventional fossil jet fuel.
  4. This flight is expected to be fuelled by SAF made primarily from waste oils and fats, such as used cooking oil.
  5. SAF could create a UK industry with an annual turnover of £2.4bn by 2040, and which supports up to 5,200 UK jobs by 2035.

The flight could be made net zero, if it used 100 % SAF and offset any carbon dioxide produced.

What Is Sustainable Aviation Fuel?

It is also known as Aviation biofuel, which has a comprehensive Wikipedia entry, which has this first paragraph.

An aviation biofuel or bio-jet fuel or bio-aviation fuel (BAF) is a biofuel used to power aircraft and is said to be a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The International Air Transport Association (IATA) considers it a key element to reducing the carbon footprint within the environmental impact of aviation. Aviation biofuel could help decarbonize medium- and long-haul air travel generating most emissions, and could extend the life of older aircraft types by lowering their carbon footprint.

Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) can be made in a variety of ways, which are described in the Wikipedia entry.

Could A Plane Run On Kerosene One Flight And SAF The Next?

I suspect that the practicalities of airline operation and schedules and the production and distribution of aviation fuel, will mean that if an airliner can run on both kerosene and SAF would be a great advantage.

This is a paragraph from the press release.

It comes hot off the heels of the world’s first sustainable fuel military transporter flight using 100% SAF, completed by the RAF last month using the iconic Voyager aircraft.

Note.

  1. The Voyager is an RAF military transport/tanker aircraft based on the Airbus 330 and fitted with Rolls-Royce Trent 772B-B-60 engines.
  2. Rolls-Royce Trent engines power both the Dreamliner and the Voyager.
  3. I’m sure that for operational reasons, the RAF would mandate a dual fuel capability.

This press release on the RAF web site, which is entitled Royal Air Force Completes World-First Sustainable Fuel Military Transporter Flight, gives more details of the RAF flight.

December 21, 2022 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Hydrogen-Powered Turbines May Help Clean And Improve Electrical Grid Reliability

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Hydrogen Fuel News.

This is the first paragraph.

In less than three years, one or more hydrogen-powered turbines are expected to be up and running at or near New Jersey’s Bayonne Energy Center power plant, which feeds power to New York City.

Note.

  1. The Bayonne Energy Center is a peaker plant with ten gas turbines, with a total capacity of 640 MW.
  2. Peaker plants automatically cut in, when power demand is high, but power generation is low.
  3. The Bayonne Energy Centre transfers power to New York, through an underwater cable.
  4. The electrolyzers will be made by Ohmium International Inc and I suspect they will be powered by offshore wind.
  5. The hydrogen that is created will be stored. As Bayonne has a history of chemical manufacturing, there may be salt caverns that can be used or the hydrogen could be stored as a compressed gas or liquid in tanks.

I can see hydrogen being used in peaker plants elsewhere in the world, where there is lots of renewable energy and suitable hydrogen storage.

The hydrogen can also be used to decarbonise local industries and transportation.

The Potential For Wind Power In New Jersey

Wikipedia says this about the potential of wind power in the state.

New Jersey has the potential to generate 373 GWh/year from 132 MW of 80 m high wind turbines or 997 GWh/year from 349 MW of 100 m high wind turbines located onshore as well as 430,000 GWh/year from 102,000 MW of offshore wind turbines.

Note.

  1. New Jersey used 76,759 GWh in 2011
  2. It appears that most of these turbines would be located along the coast.

There is also a worry about hurricanes. But solving that is an engineering problem.

From my experience of modelling floating structures, I believe they may stand up to high winds better. But I’m not sure!

November 19, 2022 Posted by | Hydrogen, Transport/Travel | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

RCAM Technologies

Wouldn’t it be a good idea to have a wind turbine with built-in energy storage?

This article on Power Engineering, is entitled Five Long-Duration Energy Storage Projects Get Funding In New York.

One of the projects, from RCAM Technologies is described like this.

To develop a 3D concrete-printed marine pumped hydroelectric storage system that integrates directly with offshore wind development in support of grid resiliency and reduced reliance on fossil fuel plants to meet periods of peak electric demand.

That sounds like an offshore wind turbine with built-in energy storage, that is 3D-printed in concrete.

The RCAM Technologies web site is all about 3D-printed concrete.

  • It looks like they can build taller wind farm towers, than you can make with steel.
  • It appears offshore wind turbine tower with integrated foundations  can be built on-site.
  • Material can be 100 % locally-sourced.
  • The next step could be to build some form of pumped storage into the tower.
  • They are experimenting with storing energy as pressure in 3D-printed concrete spheres. The New York grant will help fund this.
  • High Speed Two is using 3D-printing of concrete, as I wrote about in HS2 Utilising UK-First Pioneering 3D Concrete Printing On Project.

The company has offices in Colorado, California and Edinburgh.

Conclusion

This technology could be on the right track. Read their web site.

September 9, 2022 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage | , , , , , | 1 Comment

Five Long-Duration Energy Storage Projects Get Funding In New York

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Power Engineering.

These are the two opening paragraphs, which outline the state’s ambitions.

New York awarded $16.6 million in funding for five long-duration energy storage projects and made another $17 million available for projects that advance development of long-duration energy storage technologies, including hydrogen.

The state’s larger goal is to install 3,000 MW of energy storage by 2030 to help integrate renewables. New York wants to eventually develop 6,000 MW.

The article then lists the projects, which I will look at in separate posts.

RCAM Technologies

September 9, 2022 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage | , | Leave a comment

Twenty Years On!

On the eleventh of September in 2001, I had three jobs to do in London.

  • I had to visit my press cuttings client near Borough tube station to talk about something, which I have long forgotten.
  • I had to deliver a thousand Al Stewart CDs to his manager, as the singer was going on tour. The handover was to be performed in Waterloo station.
  • I was then going on to Soho to see a Chinese bookmaker, for whom I offered computer advice.

I parked my car on a meter and went to visit the first client at about two.

When I returned to the car, I needed to phone my wife; C about something. My phone was installed in my Discovery and it didn’t have any calling list, as I remembered numbers and just typed them in.

But for some reason I couldn’t remember her mobile phone number or the Office number at home, so I didn’t make the call.

This was very unlike me, as I’ve always had an excellent memory. Especially for numbers.

I did remember to deliver the parcel to Al Stewart’s manager and made my way to Soho, where I parked in an underground car park.

It was only when I got to the bookmakers did I realise what was going on in New York, as they had the televisions on and were watching the drama continuously.

I have a feeling, that I made my excuses and returned quickly to Suffolk.

By this time, my memory had returned and I was able to phone C.

But the worst terrorist attacks of recent memory were probably over.

Did my brain pick up the bad news or was it due to being close to the City of London, where there would have been a large amount of electronic communication to New York?

I have no idea.

But there is another incident, where I may have picked up tragic news through the ether.

On Sunday, the 31st August 1997, I woke up about five as I generally do and remarkably said to C. “Something tragic has happend! I think Tony Blair has been assassinated!”

She told me to stop being silly and I went downstairs to make a cup of tea and do some programming. It was then that I turned on the radio and heard that Princess Diana had died in the traffic accident in Paris.

September 11, 2021 Posted by | Business, Computing, News, World | , , , , | 3 Comments

A Fairytale Of New York

I  am 74 and got my interest in sport from my father. He used to take me to football at Spurs and Enfield Town and regularly would get me out of bed to watch quality sport like athletics, when it was shown live on television. I can remember watching Derek Ibbotson breaking the World mile record in black-and-white in 1957.

Over the years, I’ve watched many great sporting achievements. If Emma Raducanu wins in New York tomorrow, it’s up there with England’s two World Cups in football and rugby, Botham’s exploits at Headingley, Moss’s victory at Monaco in 1961 and Wiggins and friends’ victories in the Tour de France.

And if it happens on the twentieth anniversary of one of the worst atrocities in human history, it will be a true fairytale of New York.

September 10, 2021 Posted by | Sport | , , , , , | Leave a comment

Will This Be The First Electric Air Service To Take-Off?

This article on GeekWire is entitled MagniX Inks Deal To Retrofit Seaplanes With electric Motors For Blade Flights Around NYC And Hamptons.

This is the first two paragraphs.

Everett, Wash.-based MagniX will provide electric aircraft motors to power Cessna seaplanes flying between Nantucket, the Hamptons and downtown New York City, under an agreement announced Thursday.

The zero-emission motors will be retrofitted onto nine-passenger Cessna Caravan seaplanes operated under the Blade brand name. If all goes to plan, MagniX will start delivering motors for the Cessnas in 2023. The total number of planes to be converted will be determined later.

This is significant for the following reasons.

Blade Is A Different Company

This paragraph describes the company in their Wikipedia entry.

BLADE Urban Air Mobility, Inc. (stylized “BLADE”) is a publicly-traded, technology-powered, global urban air mobility platform based in New York City committed to reducing travel friction by enabling cost-effective air transportation alternatives to some of the most congested ground routes in the U.S. and abroad. Blade users can book by the seat on scheduled flights throughout the Northeast and West Coast or charter or crowdsource a flight anywhere in the world.

Blade is also the first publicly traded urban air mobility company.

Cessna Caravans Are Reliable Utility Airplanes

Cessna Caravans first flew forty years ago and over 2,600 have been produced.

The picture shows the one I flew in from Nairobi airport to the Masai Mara.

Note.

  1. The single turbo-prop engine in the nose.
  2. They can take up to nine passengers.
  3. They have range of nearly 1300 miles.

FedEx operate 260 as parcel carriers.

MagniX Have Already Flown An Electric Caravan

This video shows the Electric Caravan in flight.

This is a video of a testflight on YouTube.

The guy behind the project;Roei Ganzarski gave a very optimistic interview on BBC Breakfast.

Electric Caravans Can Fly On A Supplemental Type Certificate

I explain this in magniX, Sydney Seaplanes And Dante Aeronautical Partner For World’s First All Electric Cessna Caravan STC Program.

It means that the certification process can be shortened, as it builds on what was done to certify the aircraft iby the original manufacturer.

Blade Are At the Top End Of The Aviation Market

The Hamptons says it all!

Conclusion

I think this will be a successful venture.

 

 

May 28, 2021 Posted by | Transport/Travel | , , , | 1 Comment

How Do You Save Clean Energy? This Company Plans To Pump It Underground

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on Grist.

This sentence, introduces a company called Quidnet Energy.

Last week, Quidnet, a Houston, Texas-based company, announced that it lined up a contract with the New York State Energy and Research Development Authority to construct a pilot project for its “Geomechanical Pumped Storage” technology.

Reading the article, the following points can be made.

  • Quidnet is a new take on pumped storage.
  • Instead of using expensive land to store water, the water is pumped underground from a supply pond into a well.
  • It uses pumped storage supply chains and expertise.
  • Quidnet is backed by a Bill Gates energy fund.
  • About sixty percent of US power markets have the right type of rock.

The article finishes by comparing these systems with lithium-ion batteries, which double in cost every time you want to double the capacity.

But technology like from Form Energy, Highview Power and Quidnet might be a lot simpler.

This is very much a must-read article.

July 1, 2020 Posted by | Energy, Energy Storage | , | 1 Comment

Think Zinc: Another Metal That Can Transform The Energy Storage Sector

The title of this post, is the same as that of this article on Stockhouse.

This is the introductory paragraph.

Mines worldwide extract more than 11.9 million metric tons of zinc annually. There are zinc mines in over 50 countries around the world, and while the metal plays a key role in the steel industry, few people understand its transformative role in the energy storage sector. When most people think of the metals that power today’s energy storage systems, vanadium and lithium are at front of mind.

Wikipedia has an entry called Zinc Mining. This extract, sums up the availability of zinc from mining.

Global zinc mine production in 2019 was estimated to be 12.9 million tonnes. The largest producers were China (34%), Peru (11%), Australia (10%), United States (6.1%), India (5.5%), and Mexico (5.4%), with Australia having the largest reserves.

The world’s largest zinc mine is the Red Dog open-pit zinc-lead-silver mine in Alaska, with 4.2% of world production. Major zinc mine operators include Vedanta Resources, Glencore, BHP, Teck Resources, Sumitomo, Nexa Resources, Boliden AB, and China Minmetals.

The paragraph  is accompanied by a photograph from the Zinkgruvan mine in Sweden.

Closer to home, in 2009, Ireland mined 385,670 tonnes of zinc and was the tenth largest producer in the world. Tara Mine is at Navan in County Meath.

This Google Map shows its location to the West of Navan.

So if the Irish build more wind turbines, they have the zinc for their own zinc-air batteries.

The Stockhouse article is written by Ron MacDonald, who is President and CEO of Zinc8 Energy Solutions. He says this.

To give one example: Our company Zinc8 Energy Solutions has won a recent contract award and project collaboration with the New York Power Authority (NYPA) and private sector deployment agreement with Digital Energy supported by New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (Nyserda). We will deploy a 100kW/1.5MWh zinc-air system capable of storing energy for 15 hours.

Everybody, who worries about our future energy supplies should read the full article.

June 30, 2020 Posted by | Energy Storage | , , , | Leave a comment

Coronavirus: New York Couples Can Now Tie The Knot Over Zoom

The title of this post is the same as that of this article on the BBC.

This is the introductory paragraph.

New York Governor Andrew Cuomo has signed an order allowing online marriages, as many weddings are cancelled under lockdown restrictions.

It sounds like a sensible idea to me.

When I first heard this story, I wondered if Zoom will be allowed for Quickie divorces?

April 19, 2020 Posted by | Computing, World | , , , | 2 Comments